Why my brakes sequel on my late model car?

Brake squeal is common issue, can be caused by several condition. For example worn pads, pads and rotors get glazed because of heat, incorrect installation and lately brake pads’ materials.

The most common type of brake pads the composite brake pads, it contains steel wool or fibers, copper fibers, that provide strength and carry heat away from the brake rotors. The downside to composites is they tend to be noisy and abrasive, causing greater wear to the rotors. As composites wear, they produce visible brake dust that sticks to the alloy wheels which then need cleaning more often as the dust accumulates.

Then comes the  ceramic brake pads. Copper fibers replaced steel in ceramic composites, producing a brake pad that reduced friction on the pads and rotors, eliminating the squeal of steel based composites. As ceramic pads wear, they produce a lighter, less visible dust that does not stick to alloy wheels. As a result, drivers find ceramics to be much cleaner. Ceramic pads are longer lasting than steel based composites as the ceramic material wears more evenly. However ceramic brake pads cost more.

Brembo Ceramic Brake System

Brembo brake systemCopper Free Ceramic  Brake Pads

And than comes the environment.

In 2010, the states of California and Washington both enacted legislation that requires brake pads, sold or installed in both states, to have reduced levels of copper and other heavy metals.

The legislation was ratified based on claims from environmental groups and regulators that as brake pads wear down, deposits of copper and other metals are left on roadways and are eventually washed into streams and rivers, thus impacting the environment.

Manufacturers of brake pads are now required to test and register friction materials in their products. They are also required to display compliance information on friction material edge codes and friction material packaging.

As a producer of brake discs, Brembo was called to contribute significantly to the creation of the new regulation, and actively participated in the working group of the Economic Committee for Europe and the United Nations. ECE-R90 Certification for the entire range of Brembo discs and brake drums. Read more about Brembo Brakes

TRW Brake Pads

TRW brake pads TRW brake pads our main replacement brake pads. They needs no break in period, owned by ZF of Germany.

To help consumers understand which of the three levels of compliance a brake pad has reached, compliance level information will be marked on the brake pads. A new set of trademarks ‘the LeafMarks’, (created by the Brake Manufacturers Council) will appear on brake packaging.

There are three different LeafMarks:

A: All formulations met all requirements. Adopted in California January 1, 2014 and Washington in January 1, 2015, friction materials must be below 0.01% Cadmium, 0.1% Hexavalent Chromium, Lead, Mercury & Asbestos fibers.

B: All metallics do not contain Copper, ceramic is less than 5% Copper. California and Washington must both be compliant by Jan 1, 2021. Friction materials containing more than 5% by weight Copper are prohibited.

N: All metallics and Copper free ceramics meet this requirement . California to comply by Jan 1, 2025, Washington by Jan 1, 2023. Friction materials containing more than 0.5% by weight Copper are prohibited.

I have to note it: We do not have this kind of legislation in Canada.

However, why would manufacturers produce one kind of brake system for US and different for Canada? It dos not make sense, therefore  I believe like many other things in automotive we will silently join in.

Akebono Ceramic Brake Pads

Acebono Brake Pads

 Akebono  Ultra-Premium and Performance brake products are environmentally friendly. Their ultra low dust ceramic brake pads  produce 80 percent less brake dust than composite brake pads.

We provide you with a choice of genuine or alternative brake components which are Made in Germany by TRW /ZF , in Made in Italy by Brembo , or Acebono, originated from Japan. They are certified ECE-R90 quality components for the best possible performance and ultimate in safety, adhere to the low copper requirements under California and Washington restrictions.

Please note, brakes are one serious business! We take pride in providing our customers with the best components in world in everything we do. My philosophy goes like this: If I would not bolt it on my car, I will not bolt it on your car!

Any questions?  Please contact us. Our phone number: 905.795.0419

Related:

More info on performance brake sets for import cars.

 

Which part is the most important component of your car?

Tires and brakes are the most important and literally the most neglected component of any automobile.

Why this two most vital components are the most neglected on the majority of the cars around us?

Tires and brakes get the least amount of respect despite they are the most important, the most used and abused components on any car. Tires are all black and round and they all look the same. Sorry nothing could be further from the truth.

Tire carcass the structure the material consisting the way it is woven and the belt and materials chosen with the secret recipe of the compound makes it some really complicated piece of engineering.

BMW i8BMW i8 with Winter Tire on

Look no further than F1 or Le Mans or pretty much any high end motorsport where tire choice will determine of the outcome of any race.  Furthermore without perfectly performing brakes the whole effort is wasted by the entire team.

Braking control and vehicle performance relies on proper traction. Your tires are your only contact between your car and the road so tire choice is the out most importance.

Tire choice should be not decided by on price only it should be guided by a knowledgeable technician an expert in the field wit decades of experience to guide you thru a very important decision with choices based on know how rather than price and or appearance or perhaps by brand recognition only.

Yokohama winter tireProbably you realized too, winter is just around the corner.  The temperature drops and we might get some snow at anytime. This time of the year driving on bald tires has it’s consequences, in most cases sudden, expensive or tragic at worst.

Bald or slick tires belong on a race track only,  please keep in mind race tires are compound specific to maximize traction at all times, which brings us to the point as the current weather in November quite unpredictable we need to optimize traction by installing winter tires.

Winter tires as said above are specific compound to stay soft and pliable in cold temperatures.  The benchmark is 7 Celsius,  at 7 Celsius summer or three season tires will turn into hard rubber like a hockey puck.

Literally any modern winter tire is superior to any 3 season tire commonly called “all season” tires in the late fall and in the winter season. To optimize tire wear and traction, tire pressures should be checked at least once a month and alignment should be checked at least once a year.

Winter tires for European Import Cars

Related: What tire companies say about winter tires.

When do you need summer tires, winter tires or all season tires? Continue reading…

Hydroplaning decrease. Winter tires’ tread pattern has a high drainage level in order to prevent hydroplaning.  Continue reading….

Winter tires are designed to perform better in a wide range of wintry conditions such as wet roads, snow and ice. They also improve your vehicle’s grip and performance in these conditions and they shorten your braking distances for better safety.  Continue reading…

Any questions we are here to help . Our phone number: 905.795.0419

BMW Classic Cars in the BMW Zentrum Museum, US

The classic BMW Bubble

One of the car is in the museum, the BMW bubble car from 1950’s. It was called the Isetta and that picture is at above in the front of the Isetta coffee in Spartanburg SC. According to the New York Times, that BMW Isetta looks like a refrigerator on wheels, and someone put on a BMW badge. Its a not an average car, that is for sure!

However after World War II, this car was one of Germany’s premiere luxury brands. It may not seem like much today, but it is the car that the saved BMW, and made them possible to produce some of the most engaging motor vehicles of the last 60 years.

In 1955, the BMW bubble car became the world’s first mass production automobile to achieve a fuel consumption of 3 L/100 km. It was the top selling single cylinder car in the world, with 161,728 units sold.

Classic BMW 319 sedan

The other popular and classic BMW was the BMW 319, see at above. It built from 1935 to 1937 in Eisenach, and had a 1.9L, six cylinder in line engine. The 1911 cc produced 45 HP (33kw) at 3750 rpm and had a top speed of 115 km/h.

Body types were available either in Convertible or Touring Limousine style the Convertible has been a modified version of the Limousine automobile.

Classic Cars At Techmax

classic cars at techmax

We are Mississauga’s German import car specialist.  We repair, BMW, Mercedes, Porsche, Audi, and Mini.

As you can see at the above photo, wide selection of BMW owners visit us with their car regularly.

Your BMW is  an older or a newer model, we are able to maintain and repair with our well trained stuff and state of the art equipment.  For example take look at the selection of classic BMW cars at above, while inside is a BMW i8  day.

2018 BMW i8

Please do not hesitate to contact us, with your  related question.

Telephone:  905.795.0419

BMW Delivery Package in South Carolina, US

I was lucky enough to visit the BMW Performance Center, the BMW Manufacturing Plant, and the BMW museum, during my last  BIMRS BMW group meeting in Greenville, South Carolina, USA. The BMW Performance Center is located  close by in Greer, South Carolina, US.

BIMRS meeting 2018BIMRS annual meeting’s logo, South Carolina, US. 2018 with the participating persons, signatures.

One of the option from the BMW Performance Center is, the BMW Delivery Package. As in Germany, Munich, in Greer, South Carolina too, US, BMW customer and one of their guest can fully experience the BMW culture. Included in the package is a complimentary one night hotel stay (including meals), professional driving instruction in a BMW similar to the one ordered, a tour of both the BMW Zentrum museum and Manufacturing Plant (when available for public tours), and of course a personalized vehicle delivery presentation by a BMW Product Specialist.

Customers can expect nothing but VIP treatment when they opt to take this complimentary trip to the BMW Performance Center.

As you read above, this complimentary free package for new BMW customers includes professional driving instruction in a BMW, similar to the ordered BMW.

This mean in details: Start with a brief classroom session with a professional BMW Driving Instructor, customers will gain access behind the wheel of one of the BMW Performance Center Fleet vehicles that most closely matches the model ordered.

Customers will experience exercises in handling, braking and traction control.

Also if customers taking delivery of an X3 or X5 will have the opportunity to explore the vehicle’s capabilities on the BMW Performance Center’s “Other Roads” course.

The BMW Performance Center is operated by BMW of North America, LLC (BMWNA).

To view bigger photos,  please click on the thumbnails.

For more info contact us or visit the BMW Performance Center‘s  website.

Related:

My visit to BMW Welt, BMW World to Munich, Germany

 

Winter tire time is coming soon

Welcome to fall again.

As always and somewhat predictably, as this year again we have the fall in full swing, meaning the temperatures drop. With it naturally road temperatures and tire  temperatures drop, together reducing the  traction available for braking or turning.

When is the time right to install winter tires?

Yokohama winter tire

The magic number is 7 degrees of Celsius. The so called “all season” and all performance tires will become brittle as their compound will partially become nearly hard as solid plastic.

Tire friction requires warm road surface or pliable tire surface to generate any meaningful friction to slow down a moving vehicle at all times.  Since the road temperature is given and cannot be influenced by the driver than we got no choice but choose the softest tire for the job, which are the winter tires.

Winter tires  formulated to stay soft and pliable in extreme cold temperatures.

What we have learned is, winter tires are not only meant for snow or ice but for cold weather driving,  which what they are really engineered for ultimately.

Maximum traction requires the best weather specific rubber to be put to the road for ultimate safety and optimal vehicle performance .

BMW M3 winter tire rim package

Winter Tire and Alloy Wheel Package on  BMW M3

Any questions? Give us a call to:  905.795.0419

Related:
BMW M3 winter tire rim package

BMW N20 timing chain and oil pump chain issues

Why does early timing  chain stretching happen?

There are multiple factors contributing to this problem, not withstanding the 8 speed automatic transmission is one of the factors in my opinion. North American drivers prefer their cars to be automatic, in this case, the automatic is more economical, than the standard version which is preferred by the Europeans.

You may ask; Why is there a problem with the 8 speed automatic? The problem occurs with our driving habits and the programming of the automatic transmission. In normal ECO mode (the default mode) it will shift up quickly and efficiently to the highest possible gear to keep the fuel consumption at minimum, hence called the ECO mode.

N20 4 cylinder BMW engine 4 Cylinder BMW  N20 Engine

The quick up-shifting in daily driving will keep the engine’s rpm very low, which will cause the 4 cylinder engine to oscillate a lot more than would have been, if it driven on the autobahn at high rpm, where there are no oscillations are really present.

Naturally the chains, the guides are fairly weak design to make them light as possible. Our stop and go driving at low engine loads paired with an efficient automatic exacerbates the problem. Furthermore the extended oil changes also does not help to keep the whole thing properly lubricated for long life.

Needless to say the newer engines and their timing chains has been extensively redesigned to counter this common and often fatal problem.

In any case, if the chain makes noise it must be addressed immediately. All the components has to be replaced. For replacement, only an improved version available from the manufacturer. The replacement components must include the oil pump drive assembly as well, according to BMW repair instructions, also a revised, improved component.

There are multiple special tools required and attention to detail is essential to complete this rather delicate repair procedure properly and permanently.

 BMW timing chain guard
You can see on the above photo a broken timing chain guard and a clogged oil pump pick up, which could be fatal to the engine.

In case you have any additional questions please don’t hesitate to ask. We are here to help. Thank you for your time and all the best.

Telephone: (1) 905.795.0419

Related:

Our services: Our preventative service program offers three key features.  Read more…

BMW N63 coolant leak

Most BMW 550, 650, 750 i engines did or will develop a common coolant leak which perhaps resembles a funny slightly stinky smell in the cabin, in turn could escalate to an electrical burning smell over time.

The burning electrical smell could be your alternator being damaged by coolant leaking into it.

Always check inspect the turbocharger cooling lines passing right above the alternator or you will be replacing the lines – hoses and plus the alternator as well, at the same time.

This is not an easy job, due to the dual turbo arrangement in the middle of the engine block V configuration.

Performing a pressure test after repairs is essential due to system complexity.  Both after run electrical pumps should be also tested to prevent turbo charger premature early failure.

There are additional lines under the alternator which should be also inspected with a fiber optic camera to ensure system reliability and performance in the long term.

A picture is worth a thousand words they say, judge it by yourself.

Click on the image to  view  bigger.

Related:

European import cars’ cooling system service.

My car’s engine burns a lot of oil. Why?

A car engine that burns oil not only wastes oil, but can damage spark plugs, which will end up in ignition system problem (engine misfire). Sooner or later it  will affect the catalytic converter.  Oil burning can and will also cause higher emissions, resulting in failed emissions tests due to excess hydrocarbon production.

All cars consume oil, at different rates depending on the engine model, driving patterns, engine load, maintenance history, age of the engine, driven km, motor oil quality, etc.

But excessive engine oil consumption should be taken seriously. If you know your car engine burns too much oil,  get the problem diagnosed, before it cause some serious and costly damage.

On occasion could be a simple fix to the problem perhaps a damaged, aged gasket. However there are a few things you should know as follows.

The modern engines of late went thru some serious diet to increase horsepower and to reduce fuel consumption.

The law of physics has not changed, skinny piston rings and valve stems has one thing in common they reduce friction and fail to seal properly in the internal combustion engines of late.

Take a look at to the next photos, to see the differences. Click on the thumbnail to view bigger images.

Today most of the engines are turbo charged for efficiency reasons, in particular to reduce pumping losses. Turbo charging will increase the thermal heat load on the internal components. Once you got thin parts with double the heat exerted on them, equates to baked valve seals, clogged oil scraping rings with clogged piston oil drain holes.

The efficiency war on the internal combustion engines has produced some remarkable output at the expense of engine life and longevity.

For comparison see when I started working as a mechanic a 1.5 liter engine produced 74 horsepower on average. Today they can make as much as 230 horsepower in a moderate automobile.

As I said earlier the law of physics has not changed, the internal parts has been reduced to the bare minimum, so efficiency is the new magic word, unfortunately comes at the expense of reliability.

Take a look at to the photos at next and you will see the differences. Click on the thumbnail to view bigger images.

Internal combustion engine valves:

– 15 years ago

– 10 years ago

– and today

 

If you have any questions please don’t hesitate to ask.
Telephone: (1) 905.795.0419

Related:

Proper maintenance,  oil change in timely manner, with good quality approved by the manufacturer motor oil  will extend engine life.

Oil changes with FUCHS German Synthetic Motor Oil

German Oil Filters. Superior Oil Filtration For Increased Engine Protection

Neglected Porsche Boxster

We often talk about poor quality maintenance where most emphasis put on either on price or lack of time, or both at the same time .

Porsche TireWorn Porsche  Tire. Click on the thumbnail for bigger photo.

You can judge it by yourself, this poor Porsche  has been badly neglected has been driven in with bold tires and a completely sucked in distorted poor quality oil filter. Probably the oil was also inferior quality as well.

Note! Brand name tires, include factory installed tire on brand new  Porsche have built in tire wear indicators. They are molded into the bottom of the tread grooves and will appear as approximately 1/2 in. (12 mm) bands when the tire tread depth is down to 1/16 of an in (1.6 mm).

When the indicators appear in two or more adjacent grooves, it is time to replace the tires. We recommend, however, that you do not let the tires wear down to the extent that you can see on the above photo at top left.

Driving a high performance sport car, like a Porsche with worn tires, can result in loss of control of the vehicle and could cause serious personal injuries or death.

colapsed-porsche-oilfilterCollapsed Porsche Oil filter. Click on the thumbnail for bigger photo.

Porsche engineers a magnificent car, engineering excellence is built into every Porsche model, with thousands of finely tuned and intricate parts working in harmony, but they need regular maintenance like most other cars. When you invest in a fine tuned high tech sports car wouldn’t make sense to give it the best care possible, ensuring your initial investment will last years to come reliably?

The answer is clear, give it proper care by providing the best fuel, the best lubricant and German filters. Perform essential services on proven time and distance based by established specialist with the proper know how, as they were designed and intended by the respective manufacturers and engineers.

Cutting corners will result in costly repairs and random brake downs inadvertently at will.

Any questions? Give us a call: Telephone: (1) 905.795.0419
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