Synthetic Motor Oil

Group-3, Group-4, Group-5!

What does it really means? Synthetic motor oil describes a process, not a material, let me explain. The general public thinks that all synthetic motor oils are the same, that is incorrect. Synthetic motor oil have 3 stages of the actual grade or level which is important to know.

Group 3 Synthetic Motor Oil

Group 3 synthetic motor oil is a highly refined petroleum based motor oil, usually made from decent quality base petroleum oil. The group 3 motor oil used to be called a regular motor oil, until a court case challenge many years ago by an oil manufacturer.

The important facts to know it’s based on petroleum oil, and the molecules are not as consistent as group 4 especially group 5 synthetic motor oils. Theoretically better than group 1 or 2.  Group 3 is made from a higher grade base stock, has a higher viscosity index, and in overall better performance than group 1 or 2, which makes sense.

Group 4 Synthetic Motor Oil

Group 4 motor oil a PAO or Poly Alpha Olefine or in other word a highly processed synthesized petroleum based motor oil which can tolerate higher temperature extremes, has a higher oil film strength.

Stage 4 or group 4 synthetic oil will need to have oil pressure to be built up to create a viable oil film and it doesn’t cling to metal, but because it’s based on mineral or petroleum based oil stock it’s relatively inexpensive to make in large quantities.

Group 4 synthetic oils are not meant to cling to metal parts, they will sort of roll off when the engine is stopped, so there is no standby protection whatsoever thereafter.

Furthermore group 4 PAO based motor oils will turn into a hard carbon deposit if pushed into the extremes, kind of turning back to a crude oil look alike dark carbon deposit clogging vital engine components in the process and will leave deposits as they burn inside the engine under elevated temperatures.

Liqui Molly Sythetic Motor Oils
Liqui Molly Synthetic Motor Oils

Group 5 Synthetic Oil

Group 5 is the real deal, Ester based for maximum protection and ultimate performance over all of the others. These real synthetic motor oils are entirely man made and provide an outstanding reliable extreme protection to any internal engine components.

Ester based synthetic motor oil has a static cling to metal parts by an electro chemical bond which is essential for any metal to metal component to get the maximum protection. This means before you start your engine there is already a film of lubricant present, no need to wait for an oil pressure to be built to reduce friction.

Should I say this Ester based synthetic oil came from aviation where reliability is at utmost importance.

Ester based true synthetic oils are used and tested, refined in extreme motorsports like 24 hours of Le Mans and other high end endurance racing where temperature extremes are the highest. The lubrication and wear resistance is 5 times higher than any other lubricant used hence the popularity of the real synthetic group 5 motor oil in motorsport.

Ester based motor oil, the real synthetic motor oil , will leave next to zero deposit if burned as it is the most tolerant of extreme pressures and temperatures at both end of the scale.

Ester based synthetic motor oil is much more expensive as it is made from renewable resources in very small batches, a more delicate and more expensive process which is reflected in the actual cost of the final product.

I hope this helps, any question, how may we help? Call us for more details. Telephone: 905.795.0419

Related:

Which one is right for your car? Which one is better? Synthetic or conventional motor oil?

The Importance of Oil Changes

Oil Recommendations by BMW

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Changes to Modern Car Engines. Motor Oils Standard

This is going to be clear as “mud”. I have been a licensed automotive mechanic since 1976 and still at it and the changes to engines and motor oils is incredible. This could get very long indeed, let’s say there are 2 major standards API and ACEA, the former is the American the later is the European lubricant standards. The Europeans started to create their own standards mainly driven by their car manufacturers as they found the API standards were not to their liking.

Please take a look at them by clicking on the links down below. (Your browser will open and load the page content in a new tab. To return to this page you should close that tab).

Fuchs Synthetic Motor Oil

Motor Oil Specifications

https://www.api.org/products-and-services/engine-oil/eolcs-categories-and- classifications/oil-categories

https://www.acea.be/uploads/news_documents/ACEA_European_oil_sequences_2016.pdf

https://bevo.mercedes-benz.com/bevolisten/229.71_en.html
https://bevo.mercedes-benz.com/d/d/en/Spec_223_2.pdf
https://bevo.mercedes-benz.com/bevolisten/bevo-sheets-sort1.html

https://360.lubrizol.com/Specifications/BMW/BMW-Longlife-17-FE
https://360.lubrizol.com/Specifications/BMW/BMW-Longlife-12-FE
https://360.lubrizol.com/Specifications/BMW/BMW-Longlife-04
https://360.lubrizol.com/Specifications/BMW/BMW-Longlife-01

https://products.liqui-moly.com/top-tec-6200-0w-20-7.html

If money is no object and you want the best keeping the oil specification grade in mind by the respective manufacturers than this is the best money can buy , group 5 ester based synthetic motor oils. Not recommended for diesels with DPF filter equipped vehicles! Take a look at it at here.

I have a small car repair facility in Mississauga, Ontario where we work on 3 brands: BMW, Mercedes and Porsche cars. There is a great push for efficiency from the manufacturers side especially since they pay penalty to the EPA, so they will try any trick in the book to reduce the internal friction and the pumping losses within the ICE as much as possibly can.

BMW

We have variable oil pump on say BMW since 2006 , every part, oil notwithstanding has been crucified to the finest details, hence we have 0-20 W oil for awhile now to reduce pumping losses. There used to be an intensive push from the regulatory side (EPA) to reduce fuel consumption which Europe used to trail behind,  not anymore.

Europe wanted to get more aggressive on regulating emission and fuel consumption ultimately driving forward to electrification.

Most manufacturers have their own “secret” recipe for their own proprietary motor oils which gets more and more complicated by the day.

For instance BMW has LL01 (older cars) then LL04 which is low SAPS which succeeds LL01 and were intended for diesels with DPF in mind but it is not recommended in NA for gas engines due to our Sulphur content in our gasoline per say. Then later we had an LL14+ and even later the LL17+.

Mercedes

Mercedes has 229.31, 229.51, 229.61, 229.71 (Diesel low SAPS) then 229.3,  229.5, 229.52, 229.6, 229.72. Does it look complicated enough?

This whole thing is in my opinion is completely out of hand and everyone will try to toot their own horn to their liking and you as the consumer it’s your responsibility to know what belongs in your lovely high tech state of the art engine.

For instance you get the oil level warning, with this little jewels and you need to top up your oil, most of them will have no dipstick to discourage you to put anything wrong in there. So good luck to you to find the appropriate lubricant at your gas station or department store lately.

Having put the wrong oil for instance 229.5 (the most common) oil into a DPF equipped diesel engine (229.51) will ruin the DPF by contaminating it with zinc which will render it defective and will void the warranty on your emission system in a hurry.

This whole silly stuff is all out on the window in my opinion in particularly in NA as people thumb their nose up on light efficient cars. Instead they want monster SUV  trucks or massive pick up trucks with gigantic gas guzzling engines. There is this huge tug of war between governments, car  manufacturers and the public.

The governments want electric cars, the public wants 800+ horsepower trucks, the car manufacturers are on the hook for making gas guzzlers.

We are also caught in between to provide the appropriate slur(oil) for the application,  you get the picture.

My only question is: Where is the common sense in all of this may I ask?

The problem with all this high tech stuff is, the general public has no idea as we often find wrong oils and filters has been installed elsewhere, in a lot of places they are not aware of this fancy specifications.

I hope this helps.  All the best, cheers.

Any questions, how may we help? Call us for more details: 905.795.0419

Related:

European import cars motor oil specifications.

What could be done wrong possibly with a simple oil change

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Fall Vehicle Maintenance

The fall is upon us again, this is the time to have your car checked and inspected to prevent any issues in cold weather.

We recommend a comprehensive physical check up, perhaps paired with an oil change, naturally with approved proper synthetic motor oil and German oil filter to ensure longevity. We use Liqui Moly and Fuchs motor oils with manufacturers approved ratings, which is essential to keep your warranty intact. We document the appropriate approval numbers on the invoice for future reference.

Fuchs Synthetic Motor OilsFuchs Synthetic Motor Oil for Your Fine BMW – Mercedes – Porsche

In case we find something notable at the time of the inspection, like excessive wear or fluid leak, we will bring it to your attention and for easy reference we will take a picture or visually will show you on your vehicle if you’re present the issue at hand.

We will provide detailed description and choices to make an informed decision. Proper description and recommendations prioritizing the issues at hand and the order which they should be corrected, you always have a choice.

Proper maintenance is essential to reliable vehicle operation and ensures years of affordable motoring without major break downs. Tires are the only contact between you, your automobile and the road, so tread carefully, worn tires will overwhelm your vehicles sophisticated traction and it’s stability control system.

Liqui Moly LubricantsLiqui Moly lubricants & Additives

Worn tires will wear your brakes out prematurely as well, since they are the first choice for said stability control system to stabilize the vehicle in poor driving conditions.

Any questions how may we help? Contact us via on-line contact form or give as a call to 905.795.0419.

Related:

Liqui Moly Developed and produced in Germany for your car. Tested on the racing circuits, proven daily on the road.

Engine oil essentials.

Brake sets for German Import Cars.

Diesel Green Force from Liqui Moly

Liqui Moly’s Green Diesel Additive

Green Diesel Additive is an active substance with cleaning, dispersing and material-protective properties, matched to both proven and modern engines and operating supply requirements. The contained Lubricity Improver improves the lubricity of the fuel. The additive increases the cetane number and thereby improves the cold-start behaviour of any diesel engine. It reduces the typical diesel knocking and ensures a better power output. Colour indicators help detect the additive fuel safely.

A European Gas Station Chain developed a premium diesel fluid with this  LIQUI MOLY additive. The gas station fill this additive in their diesel fluid in order to sell this as premium fuel.

The addictive name is Diesel Green Force.  LIQUI MOLY’s logo is shown at every gas station and at every fuel pump from this chain.

This is a pioneer project, never before LIQUI MOLY  supplied a major gas station chain with additives for their fuel tanks. Many European Gas Station chains are owned by their competitors (Shell, BP) or have long-term obligations with them.

You can read more about LIQUI MOLY’s products at our  LIQUI MOLY’s lubrication page.

Liqui Moly logo on BMWLiqui Moly’s products used by many BMW  racing teams.

Lubro Moly – Liqui Moly – Line Of Lubricants And Additives

Auto Bild, auto motor and sport and Auto Zeitung readers have selected LIQUI MOLY (used to be LUBRO Moly) to be their favorite brand of lubricant.

Auto Bild German Automotive MagazineIn 2012 the motor oil and additive expert LIQUI MOLY was again voted to be Germany’s favorite brand of lubricant. In the Auto Zeitung and auto motor and sport reader polls.

The German company  achieved first place again in the lubricant category, defending its title earned the previous year. Auto Bild polled its readers for the first time. Here as well the majority gave LIQUI MOLY first place.

About LIQUI MOLY

LIQUI MOLY GmbH from Ulm in South Germany offers a wide range of qualitative high-quality products such as motor oils, additives, vehicle care products and service products. The range includes some 4000 items.

LIQUI MOLY develops and tests their products in their own laboratories, manufactures exclusively in Germany and markets all of their products themselves.

LIQUI MOLY was founded some 50 years ago and is now one of the leading companies in the industry. The products are sold in Germany and in 100 other countries, include Canada.

We at Techmax, Auto Repair Inc. use LIQUI MOLY‘s products too and we love them. More information….

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LIQUI MOLY (German motor oil and additive specialist, well know it’s Liqui Moly synthetic motor oils line) emphasizes their additives being effective. So they asked the independent German test facility APL to run a series of tests with LIQUI MOLY additives.

APL certified that additives really help against friction and fuel consumption. They tested Cera Tec, Injection Cleaner and Super Diesel Additive – with astonishing results.

Cera Tec is a high tech oil additive containing tiny ceramic particles to protect the engine and to reduce wear. It was tested for its seizure protection properties. One gear wheel drove another one under constantly increasing load until the wheels reached a certain degree of wear. The standard oil reached level four, the same oil with Cera Tec reached level nine. This underlines the excellent wear protection Cera Tec is able to deliver: The engine enjoys enhanced lifetime, experiences a lowered risk of breakdowns and due to reduced friction also fuel consumption will be reduced.

Injection Cleaner is a petrol additive to clean the injection system and the valves. For the test, two engines ran for 60 hours, one on standard fuel and the other with standard fuel plus Injection Cleaner.

During these 60 hours the first engine collected 0.3 gram deposits in each valve. Those deposits continued to grow and to impair the proper “breathing” of the engine. The second engine with Injection Cleaner remained practically clean with only 0.03 gram deposits. At the beginning of the test, the APL engineers were rather skeptical about the product. Now they use it to clean their test engines. What does it telling you?

Visit or LIQUI MOLY line of lubricants page for more info
or give as a call too: 905.795.0419